Court Affidavit (Modified)

Some of the language and phrasing in this document has been modified from the original.

Head Note: This sworn statement was submitted to the state court when Rosa Parks appealed her conviction.

Rosa Parks, Appellant vs. City of Montgomery, Appellee
Appealed to Court of Appeals of Alabama From: Circuit Court of Montgomery County
Feb. 12, 1957 Affirmedó[signature cannot be read]

Agreed Upon Facts

Exhibit "A" is a plan of the seating arrangement of the bus on which the alleged violation occurred. There were 36 seats assigned for passengers. Just prior to the alleged violation by the defendant, the 10 front seats were assigned for white persons and the back 26 seats were assigned for negroes.

The defendant was sitting on one of the first dual seats immediately behind those occupied by white passengers. All seats assigned to whites were occupied. All standing room in that section was taken. Negroes were also standing in the negro section. The evidence is in dispute as to whether or not there were vacant seats in the negro section.

In order to take on more white passengers who were waiting to board the bus, the driver told the passengers on the row of seats immediately in the rear of the white section to give up their seats to white passengers. This would have made 4 more seats available to whites and the white section would have been increased to 14 seats and the negro section decreased to 22 seats. The defendant, a negro, refused to move and was arrested for such refusal.

The defendant was convicted in the Recorders Court of the City of Montgomery, Alabama, and appealed to this Court where the case is at issue.

Respectfully submitted,
D. Eugene Loe
Fred D. Gray
Charles D. Langford
Feb. 22, 1956

Filed in open court and made a part of record of this case.


Source: Excerpt from the brief filed on behalf of Rosa Parks in Parks vs. City of Montgomery. Filed in the Court of Appeals, Montgomery, Alabama, March 28, 1956. Signed by D. Eugene Loe, attorney for the city of Montgomery, and Fred D. Gray and Charles D. Langford, attorneys for Rosa Parks.