Scopes Trial: Bibliography

Famous Trials
Douglas Linder, Professor of Law, University of Missouri, Kansas City.

This exceptional legal history site was created by law professor Douglas Linder. It includes fascinating treatments of 35 of the most prominent court trials in American history, including: Scopes “Monkey” Trial (1925); Rosenberg Trial (1951); Leopold and Loeb Trial (1924); Salem Witchcraft Trials (1692); Scottsboro Trials (1931–1937); Bill Haywood Trial (1907); the Sacco and Vanzetti Trial (1921); and the Black Sox Trial (1921). Each trial site includes a 750–1000-word essay on the historical background of the case, links to biographies (roughly 500 words) of key figures in the trials, and approximately 15–25 primary documents related to each trial, including transcripts of testimony, media coverage, depositions, and government documents. Most cases also contain images, links to related websites, and a bibliography of scholarly works. There are also links to biographies of five “trial heroes,” including famous trial lawyer Clarence Darrow, and a “Constitutional conflicts” site that offers 29 important constitutional topics for class discussion, such as gay rights, student searches, and the electoral college debates.

Red Hot Jazz Archive: A History of Jazz before 1930
Scott Alexander.

This comprehensive site offers biographical information, photographs, and audio and video files for more than 200 jazz bands and musicians active from 1895 to 1929. It includes more than 200 sound files of jazz recordings by well-known artists, such as Louis Armstrong, Sidney Bechet, and Django Reinhardt, and by dozens of lesser-known musicians. The files are annotated with biographical essays of 100 to more than 1,000 words, discographies, and bibliographic listings. Also includes listings of 20 short jazz films made in the late 1920s and early 1930s, and video files for two of these. Offers 20 essays and articles about jazz before 1930, ranging in length from 1,000 to 4,500 words, taken from published liner notes, books, and journals, or written specifically for this website by jazz fans.

Digital Scriptorium, Duke University.

This well-developed, easily navigated site presents images and database information for more than 7,000 advertisements printed primarily in the United States from 1911 to 1955. The advertisements are divided into five main subjects areas: Radio (including radios, radio parts, and radio programs); Television (including television sets and programs); Transportation (including airlines, rental cars, buses, trains and ships); Beauty and Hygiene (including cosmetics, soaps, and shaving supplies); and World War II (U.S. Government, such as V-mail or bond drives). The ads are searchable by keyword, type of illustration, and special features. A timeline from 1915 to 1955 provides general context for the ads with a chronology of major events. “About Ad Access” provides an overview of advertising history and the Duke collection, as well as a bibliography and list of advertising repositories in the U.S.

Votes for Women: Selections from the National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection, 1848–1921
American Memory, Library of Congress.

This site, representing a subset of items from the Library of Congress' National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) Collection, consists of 167 books, pamphlets, handbooks, reports, speeches, and other artifacts totaling some 10,000 pages dealing with the suffrage movement in America. Much of the larger collection was donated by Carrie Chapman Catt, the Association’s longtime president. Also included are works from the libraries of some of the organization’s officers and members, including Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, Lucy Stone, Alice Stone Blackwell, Julia Ward Howe, Elizabeth Smith Miller, and Mary A. Livermore. Formed in 1890, NAWSA secured the passage of the 19th Amendment in 1920 through a series of well-organized state campaigns.

Anti-Saloon League, 1893–1933
Beth Weinhardt, Westerville, Ohio Public Library.

This selection of printed material is representative of the public campaigns of the Anti-Saloon League from 1893 to 1933. A six-page history of the League and the Temperance movement and six biographical essays (100 to 600 words) of leaders of the movement provide context. Facsimiles of 85 fliers produced by the League advocate temperance with arguments that include the effect of alcohol on puppies and German Emperor William II’s opinion of drinking. A periodicals section reproduces three covers, three sample articles, and one complete 1912 issue of American Patriot, a temperance magazine, and one cover of American Issue. Other material includes 14 wet and dry maps of the U.S. produced by the League, three temperance anthems, transcriptions of nine anti-alcohol stories, and 12 pro-temperance cartoons. In addition, six entries from the Standard Encyclopedia of the Alcohol Problem, published between 1925 and 1930, offer the Temperance perspective on communion wine, whiskey production, and alcohol use in China. A bibliography lists ten books on the Temperance movement and four biographies of movement leaders. Teachers will find 11 classroom activities relating to social reform. This site will be useful for research on reform movements and cultural history.

Alcohol, Temperance, and Prohibition
Brown University Library.

This archive presents broadsides, sheet music, pamphlets, and government publications related to the temperance movement and prohibition. Materials include items from the period leading up to prohibition as well as the prohibition era itself, ending with the passage of the 21st amendment in 1933. More than 1,800 items can be browsed by title, creator, or publisher. The collection is also searchable by keyword (basic and advanced searches are available). All digitized items are in the public domain. A historical essay, "Temperance and Prohibition Era Propaganda: A Study in Rhetoric" by Leah Rae Berk is available. A small, but useful, site with a wide range of primary source material for researching the history of the prohibition movement, temperance, or alcoholism.

Prosperity and Thrift: Coolidge Era and the Consumer Economy
American Memory, Library of Congress.

Something of a hodgepodge, collects materials of the twenties loosely related to prosperity of the Coolidge years and the rise of a mass consumer economy. Includes about 400 documents. A search for “credit” produced only ten results, all of which were interesting and revealing, while a search for “advertising” produced a set of materials of unique value, especially an early report on buying behavior and other survey data. A search for “truth” produced a debate about propaganda from the Edward Bernays papers. This sort of material has not been widely available, and this collection is extremely valuable as a resource for the development of mass consumption.

Digital History
Steven Mintz and Sara McNeil.

Provides multimedia resources and links for teaching American history and conducting basic research, while focusing on slavery, ethnic history, private life, technological achievement, and American film. Presents more than 600 documents pertaining to American politics, diplomacy, social history, slavery, Mexican American history, and Native American history, searchable by author, time period, subject, and keyword, and annotated with essays of 300–500 words each. The site offers a full U.S. history textbook and more than 1,500 searchable and briefly annotated links to American history-related sites, including approximately 150 links to historic Supreme Court decisions, 330 links to audio files of historic speeches, and more than 450 links to audio files and transcripts of historians discussing their own books.