Why did the boycott of Montgomery's buses succeed?

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Key Events Surrounding Montgomery Bus Boycott

Emancipation Proclamation

Jan. 1863

Fourteenth Amendment

July 1868

Plessy v. Fergusen; 'Separate but Equal' ruled constitutional

May 1896

Niagara Movement convenes (later becomes NAACP), pledging to promote racial equality

May 19009

U.S. involvement in WWII

Dec., 1941 - Sept., 1945

Womenís Political Council in Montgomery, Alabama created


U.S. involvement in the Korean War

June 1950 - July 1953

African-Americans in Baton-Rouge, Louisiana boycott segregated city buses

June 1953

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas

May 1954

Murder of Emmett Till

August 1955

Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat and is arrested

Dec. 1, 1955

Montgomery Improvement Council formed, Martin Luther King, Jr. named President

Dec. 5, 1955

Supreme Court affirms decision in Browder v. Gayle which found bus segregation unconstitutional

Nov., 1956

Supreme Court rejects city and state appeals on its decision. Buses are desegregated in Montgomery

Dec., 1956